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"Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine": Wujiapi

Drug name: Acanthopanax

Pinyin: Wǔ Jiā Pí

Alias: South Wujiapi ("Scientific Folk Herbs").

Source "Book"

The source is Acanthopanax senticosus or Acanthopanax senticosus without stem, Acanthopanax senticosus, Acanthopanax ramie, Root bark of Acanthopanax senticosus. summer, Dig in autumn, peel the root bark, and dry.


① "Five" ("Jing"), also known as: Ding ("Jing"), Tiaocao ("Bashu Foreign Matters""), five flowers ("Thunderbolt"), jackal ("), wood bones, herbs, thorns ("Sketches"), white thorns ("Outline"), word five ("Plants and Trees"), white trees, five leaf road thorns

Deciduous shrub, 2 to 3 meters high. Stems upright or climbing, branches without thorns or external thorns, thorns usually grow

At the base of the petiole. Alternate leaves or few leaf clusters grow on the distance; petioles are 4 to 9 cm long, light

Slippery or sparsely sparse; palmately compound leaves, lobules 5, a few 3 or 4, apex larger, lobes larger

Small, obovate to ovate-lanceolate or nearly rhomboid, 3 to 8 cm long and 1.5 to 4 cm wide,

The apex is pointed or pointed, the base is wedge-shaped, with serrated edges, smooth on both sides or rusted only along the vein

The color is hairy; the leaflets have no handles. Umbrella shape, solitary in leaf axils or short branches, inflorescence length 1 to 3 cm, The fruit is elongated; the flowers are many, yellow-green, approx. 2 cm in diameter, the cauliflower is tender and smooth,

6 to 10 mm long; 5 teeth, triangular lobes, erect or flat; petals 5, born in fleshy

Oval triangle around the disc, pointed, curled after opening; stamens 5; lower ovary, 2 compartments,

Style 2, stigma round head. Berry-like fruit is subglobose, laterally flat, about 5 mm in diameter, mature

It is purple-black, with 3 longitudinal veins near the center. 2 seeds, small, semicircular flat, light brown.

Flowering period is 5-7 months. Fruits from July to October.

Grows on the mountain or between the jungle. Distributed in Shaanxi, Henan, Shandong, Anhui, Jiangsu, Zhejiang

Jiang, Jiangxi, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong and other places.

Plant leaves (more than five leaves) can also be used for medicinal purposes.

② Wujia Wujia

Shrubs, up to 4 meters high. The thorny branches are tapered or without thorns. Palmate compound leaves, lobules 3~5

Pieces, oblong obovate or obovate to oblong oblanceolate, 3~8 cm long, with different

Regular serrations, few glabrous; petioles are 3 to 6 cm long. Flowers dark purple, few sessile, into

Dense globular papillae are born in short, fine-haired stems, and usually a few are born at the top of branchlets. Fruit black, Wide oval, 10-14 mm long. Flower in August. The fruit of September.

Born in mountains and forests. Distributed in Northeast, North China and other places.

③Acanthopanax senticosus

Shrubs, 1 m high, with densely thorny or thorny branches. Palmate compound leaves, 3-5 leaflets, oval

Shaped obovate to round, 6-12 cm long, with double-pointed serrations, hairy on the top, and bottom

The young leaves have brown hairs along the veins. Umbellifera globose; flowers purple-yellow; peduncle 1 to 2 cm long. fruit

Really nearly spherical, approx. 8 mm. Flower in July. The fruit of October.

Born in mountains and forests. Distributed in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Hebei, Shanxi and other places.

④Acanthopanax crude leaves

Shrubs, up to 3 meters high. Branchlets have fine hairs, the back yellowish-gray, gradually falling off, with thick and thin

Reflective. Palmate compound leaves, 5 leaflets, a few sessile, obovate or oblong, 3~6 long

Cm, with fine serrations, rough top and fine hairs below; petiole 4-7 cm long, rough

. Cymes have several branches, total stem length is 1 to 3 cm, hairy; pedicel is 8 to 15 mm long, slightly

Hairy or glabrous, blooming in August. The fruit of October.

Distributed in Hebei, Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Sichuan, Hunan, Hubei, Zhejiang, Anhui, etc.


⑤ Umbrella five plus

Shrubs, 2 to 3 meters high. The branches are brown, with small barbs at the base of the branches and petioles. Ye Husheng or

Clustered on the tartar; palmately reticulate, with 3 to 5 leaflets, obovate or ovate-lanceolate, margin

Serrated, toothed, wedge-shaped or oblique at the base, with the main vein protruding slightly below. Umbrella axillary

Or terminal, mostly round; flowers are small, mainly; petals 5, yellow-green. Fruit near ball

Shape, mature purple-black; two seeds inside 2.

Born in the jungle on the hillside. Distributed in Tibet and other places.

Habitat Department mainly produces Hubei, Henan, Anhui, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Jiangsu, Guangxi, Zhejiang, etc.

The land is also produced.

Characters Dried root bark is in roll shape, single roll or double roll, length 7-10 cm, tube diameter about 6 mm

, The thickness is about 1 to 2 mm. The surface of Eve is gray-brown, with horizontal lenticels and vertical wrinkles, and the inner surface is light

Yellow or yellowish brown. Brittle, fragile, irregular in section; grayish yellow. Slightly fragrant, slightly bitter taste

. The ones that are thick, long, thick-skinned, fragrant, and wood-free are preferred.

Pick out impurities on the casters, wash with water, moisten slightly after slicing, and dry.

"Materia Medica Gouji": "Wujia skin, boneless, dry wine, or ginger juice."

Spicy in nature, warm in nature.

① "Book": "WeChat, warm."

② "Do not record": "Bitter, slightly cold, non-toxic."

④ "Medical Lin Compilation": "Bitterness and slight pungent, cold."

⑤ "Sichuan Traditional Chinese Medicine History": "Warm, sweet, non-toxic."

Meridians: Enter the liver and kidney meridians.

① "Lei Gongjiao Yao Jie": "Into the lungs, the kidney has two meridians".

② "Materia Medica": "Into the Foot Shaoyin, Jueyin Meridian".

The function cures rheumatism, strengthens muscles and bones, promotes blood circulation and removes blood stasis. Indications of arthralgia of cold and dampness, arthralgia of muscles and bones, waist

Pain, impotence, weak feet, delayed walking in children, edema, athlete's foot, sore swelling, bruises.

① "The Bible": "Mainly heart hernia, abdominal pain, replenishing qi treatment, children can't do it, gangrene sores"

② "Don't Record": "Cure male impotence, dampness under the capsule, depression of urine, itching of female vulva, lumbar pain, feet

Pain, numbness, weakness, five slows and weakness, nourishing essence, righteousness. "

③ "On Medicine": "It can break the evil wind, exhaustion of limbs, thieves' wind wounds, soft feet, hips and waist,

The main reason is blood stasis on the skin for many years, to treat dampness and internal dampness, and main deficiency, which can not be discharged by children aged three or six.

④ "Rihua Materia Medica": "Improve eyesight, lower the qi, treat acute wind ditch cracking, and replenish five injuries."

⑤ "Outline"): "Cure rheumatic arthralgia, strengthen muscles and bones. "

⑥ "Materia Medica Renew": "Resolve phlegm and remove dampness, nourish kidney essence, remove feng shui, strengthen beriberi and low back pain, The treatment of scabies".

⑦ "Shaanxi Chinese Herbal Medicine": "Activating blood to reduce swelling. Treat rheumatoid arthritis, scrotal eczema, and fall

Beating injuries, edema, and difficulty urinating".’

⑧"Yunnan Chinese Herbal Medicine": "Treat bruises, fractures, sores, and malaria."

Usage and dosage Oral administration: decoction, 1.5 to 3 yuan; dip or pill, loosen. Subject: Pound.

Note: Those who wish to pay attention to goods are cautious.

① "Materia Medica Annotation": "The Polygonum multiflorum is used for fear of snake skin, Scrophulariaceae".

② "Shuzhong Materia Medica": "

③ "Materia Medica": "It is forbidden to use both lung qi and water shortage."

Compound: (Dip), Polygala (to the heart) 4 Liang (wine soaking makes clear, easy to peel), Meimei, dry on dew,

At the end of the spring and autumn, the dipping wine is used as a paste, and the wine is used as a paste in the summer. Each serving of four or fifty pills,

Hollow warm wine to send. ("Ruizhutang Experience Formula" Wujiapi Pills)

②Chop rheumatic arthralgia, strengthen muscles and bones, replenish essence: Acanthopanax senticosus skin, rub bones, decoct juice and glutinous rice balls into drink; Or chopped into a bag, soak in water and boil, or angelica, achyranthes, larvae. ("Outline" Five Plusliqueur)

③Treatment of low back pain: Acanthopanax, Eucommia (fried). Same, for the end, the wine cake pill, as big as the sycamore

. Thirty pills per serving, under warm wine. ("Sheng Jia Bao Fang" Wujia skin powder)

④Zhihe Bingfeng: Wujiapi eight taels, five angelica, four taels of achyranthes, a barrel of ash-free wine. Boil three

Branch incense, two servings, with drunkenness as a degree. ("Shu Dacheng" Five Plus Wine)

⑤ Treatment of four or five years old cannot work: Zhen Wujiapi, Chuanxiaoliang (soaked in wine for two days), papaya (dried)

Divide into equal parts. Pour the hollow rice soup for two cents per serving, take it the next day, and drink half a drink after taking it.

Sub-size. ("Baby Summary" Wujia skin powder)

⑥ Treatment of fatigue: Acanthopanax acanthopanacis, medlar root bark fight together. Top two spicy slices finely, one stone and five buckets of water, boil

Seven buckets of juice, divided into four buckets, soaked biscuits, more than three buckets with bibimbap, how much rice is placed,

Stuffing as usual, cooked and served, served ("Golden Fang" five wines)

⑦Treat women’s blood and qi, describe haggard, sleepy limbs, troubled body, breathe less, sweat excessively,

Dry mouth and astringent tongue, do not think about food: Acanthopanax acanthopanacis, Cortex Moutan, Red peony root, Angelica sinensis) each one or two

. At the end, take one coin, one coin of water, one coin, soak in oil as medicine, decoct seven, take warm, and take three. ("Bureau "Youchao San)

⑧Bone treatment: one chicken, five or six liang (with hair), five plus one two, pound to paste, take it from

The wound, one stick of incense, the solution, the money, five plus four money, a bowl of wine, fry it into a paste, and then

Stir-fried wine served with large tiles. (Mei "Fang Xin")

Remarks In addition, five batches of bark or root bark of plants of the same genus are also used for Acanthopanax senticosus in a few areas:

① Acanthopanax senticosus, used in Sichuan, see the article "Acanthopanax senticosus".

②The root bark of Baigen,, used by folks in the southwest, see "thorns"


③ The roots of five-rooted trees are mostly used in Tibetan areas.

④ Shu Wujia and vine vinegar root vine,

According to the records of "Materia Medica", the root bark of the above five plants of Acanthopanax senticosus was positive. But use the market

, Is a hand-push willow peel of the radish family, this product is called "Xiang" or "North Wujiapi". its

Different in nature, it should be a region. See "Scent" article.

Excerpt: "The Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine"

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Product basic attributes
Shelf Life: 365 days
Storage: Dry storage, low temperature refrigeration
Organic or inorganic organic

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